The author of Little Women began using morphine to ease the after-effects of typhoid fever contracted during service as a nurse during the Civil War. Photo: Hulton Archive/Getty Images. Jan 01, 1868
"I'm Catholic and I can't commit suicide, but I plan to drink myself to death." And so he did. Photo: John Cohen/Getty Images. Jan 01, 1959
"To smoke opium is to get out of the train while it is still moving." The great French poet, novelist, dramatist, playwright, and filmmaker kicked his opium addiction in 1929. Photo: Evening Standard/Getty Images. Jan 01, 1960.
Notorious for making fun of his fellow writers who sought relief from their own alcoholism (when Fitzgerald admitted that alcohol had bested him, Hemingway urged him to toss his "balls into the sea -- if you have any balls left"), Papa himself was an increasingly messy drunk. George Plimpton once famously observed that by the end, Hemingway's ruined liver protruded from his belly "like a long fat leech." Photo: Apic/Getty Images . Jan 01, 1950